Less commonly associated is Y.pseudotuberculosis. Infection may occur following ingestion of contaminated food, especially raw or undercooked pork, or through contact with a person who has prepared a pork product. Occasionally, infections can occur after drinking contaminated milk or untreated water. Children are infected more often than adults, and the infection is more common in the winter.
Symptoms of Y.enterocolitica may mimic appendicitis, and can lead to unnecessary surgery, highlighting the need to appropriately identifying this organism when present in stool.